OB/GYN Reports

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Questions To Ask Your OB/GYN

OB/GYNs can deal with a range of sexual, reproductive and gynecological health issues, from HPV screenings and breast cancer risk factors to abdominal cramping and low sex drives. 

Here are some of the questions you may want to ask your doctor on your next visit: 

  • How can I make PMS symptoms less severe?
  • Could I have premenstrual dysphoric disorder? 
  • Why do I get cramps at times other than my period? (It could be totally normal or it could be a sign of conditions such as endometriosis.) 
  • Should I worry about an irregular period?
  • Should I get tested for sexually-transmitted diseases, and which ones? 
  • How often should I get STD tests? 
  • How often should I get a pap smear (considering individual risk factors)? 
  • When should I get my first mammogram and how often should I get them?
  • How do I perform a breast self-exam correctly? 
  • What should I do if I feel something off during my self-exam? 
  • How do I assess my breast or ovarian cancer risk? 
  • Should I be concerned about my family breast cancer or ovarian cancer history? 
  • Am I eligible for and should I get the HPV vaccine? 
  • How can I prevent frequent yeast infections or urinary tract infections? 
  • What do I do if I notice yeast infection or UTI signs?
  • What might cause itching or burning other than yeast, urinary tract or sexually transmitted infections?
  • Is my sex drive “normal”? 
  • I’m X-years-old, should I be concerned about fertility? 
  • Should I adjust my birth control choice if I don’t want to get pregnant now but do in the near future?
  • What are my best birth control options? 
  • Are hormonal contraceptives safe considering my age/smoking/personal or family health history?
  • Is there a cheaper generic version of this birth control? 
  • Will Plan B be effective for me?
  • Where can I get Plan B emergency contraception? 
Source: Bustle 

Human Papillomavirus- HPV

HPV at a Glance

  • A very common infection
  • A few types can lead to cervical and other cancers
  • Treatment available for cell changes in the cervix caused by HPV Spread easily by skin-to-skin contact
  • There are ways to reduce your risk of getting HPV
What is HPV? 

HPV stands for human papillomavirus. There are more than 100 types of HPV. Some types produce warts - plantar warts on the feet and common hand warts. About 40 types of HPV can infect the genital.

Genital HPV infections are very common. HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active men and women get it at some point in their lives. But most people who have HPV don't know it. Most HPV infections have no harmful effect at all. Some types of HPV may cause genital warts. These are called low-risk types of HPV. Some types of HPV may cause cell changes that sometimes lead to cervical cancer and certain other genital and throat cancers. These are called high-risk types. Although most HPV infections go away within 8 to 13 months, some will not. HPV infections that do not go away can "hide" in the body for years and not be detected. That's why it is impossible to know exactly when someone got infected, how long they've been infected, or who passed the infection to them.

If you have HPV, you should not be ashamed or afraid. Most people who have had sex have HPV at some point in their lives. And most infections go away on their own.

Does HPV Cause Cancer?

Yes, high-risk types of genital HPV can cause cancer of the cervix, vagina, vulva, anus, penis, and throat. The type of cancer HPV causes most often is cervical cancer.

Most HPV infections go away by themselves and don't cause cancer. But abnormal cells can develop when high-risk types of HPV don't go away. If these abnormal cells are not detected and treated, they can lead to cancer.

Most of us recover from HPV infections with no health problems at all. It is not fully known why some people develop long-term HPV infection, precancerous abnormal cell changes, or cancer.

But we do know that women who have diseases that make it difficult for them to fight infections are at higher risk of cervical cancer. We also know that cigarette smoking increases the risk of cervical cancer.

How Is HPV Spread?

HPV is spread by skin-to-skin contact — usually during vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

What Are the Symptoms of High-Risk HPV?

There aren't any HPV symptoms for high-risk types of HPV in women or men. Most people feel fine even when they have cell changes caused by HPV.

How Can I Know If I Have High-Risk HPV?

Because HPV is such a common infection that usually goes away on its own, there is often no reason for you to even worry about whether you have it. Most people never know when they have HPV.

If a woman does find out she has HPV, she usually finds out as a result of having an abnormal Pap test result. Pap tests are very important tests for finding abnormal cells on the cervix that are caused by HPV.

There is an HPV test for women, but it is only used in certain situations. Health care providers may recommend the HPV test

  • Women as a follow-up to a Pap test that finds abnormal cells or when Pap tests results are not clear
  • Women over 30 when they have a Pap test.
HPV testing is not recommended for all women because HPV is very common and usually goes away without causing any health problems. For women age 30 or older, a test for HPV can be done at the same time as a Pap test. If both results are normal, a woman has a very low risk of developing cervical cancer.

She will not need a Pap and HPV test for five years.

Some women age 30 or older see this choice as more appealing than having a Pap test every three years.